How do you define a family? A collection of individuals who happen to be related by blood? Or something more than that? Perhaps everyone has a different answer to that question just as there may be many different answers to the question: what is a family's history?

For many people who begin to look at their family, pure genealogy is the only interest: who gave birth to whom, whom did they marry, when and how did they die? For anyone interested in family medical history, tracing the diseases that killed or disabled its members is the only real interest. The bloodline - or the gene line - is the only thing to investigate. For them 'family' means biological relationship and nothing else.

Others look outward, they deal more inclusively with the family, recognizing the importance to family history of all sorts of circumstances e.g. occupations, education and dwelling places; as well as all sorts of individuals e.g. aunts, uncles, cousins, adoptions both inward and outward, in-laws and colleagues.

In this family we have a woman who died still regretting the decision that was made to have her child, illegitimate at a time when this was not acceptable, adopted out. Earlier, we have the decimation of a family by disease. A promising young family man cut down at only twenty one, leaving a baby son. Luckily, the son survived, or many of the family who might be reading these words, would never have lived to know his name.

Puzzles abound, why do people move around the country quite so much? At a time when travel was difficult and expensive, and there were jobs locally, what drives people to up sticks and move? Why did the son of a prosperous family near Consett, take off to South Shields and get a job on the railway, not even using his own trade? More importantly, why did he never visit or talk about the family he left behind?
How did a Yorkshire man marry a woman from Westmorland, have a family in Cumberland and yet end up in South Shields?

Interestingly, the Victorian (and before)'moral' code which included a supposedly strict 'no sex before marriage' policy was synchronous with marriage after marriage taking place a few, sometimes very, very few, months before the birth of the first child. Sometimes, of course, the marriage didn't take place until after a birth. Some would say that makes a lot of sense; in the days of 'marriage until death' it was a good idea to make sure that conception would be possible before tying two individuals together. If progeny is the stated aim of marriage, it seems eminently sensible to not rush it.

One thing that helps to make a family, and a family history, is the family mythology: the tales that are told at every wedding and funeral and family party; like the tale of the lost - or stolen - inheritance; the tale of the horse that died; the ghost that walked; the long lost cousin who went to Australia.

A little digging in the archives, some accurate arithmetic and the application of a little commonsense might mean that the myths are overturned. Perhaps the inheritance went the way of many others, on drink, or perhaps not. Maybe the ghost was a manifestation of grief, or the workings of an under-stimulated mind in an overworked body. Or not. And maybe the cousin who went to Australia and made good, never went anywhere but simply died - or maybe he was a war hero with an everlasting memorial.

 Marshall Family Line 
 Davison Family Line 
 Foster Family Website 

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